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After the formation of Andhra Pradesh three districts were carved out of the existing districts. Prakasam was the first. It was called Ongole district then. The area is 17622kms.Some taluks were separated from Nellore, Kurnool and Guntur districts and this new district was formed. So the history of those three districts is linked with this. After the fall of Satavahanas some area of those districts was ruled by Ikshwaks. It was called Puganadu then and in due course became Pakanadu which is now a part of present Prakasam district.


The following are the Geographical and commercial details of Prakasam Circle :
  1 Area in Sq. KM 17626  
  2 No. of Domestic Services 740575  
  3 No. of Non Domestic & Commercial Services 64243  
  4 No. of LT Industrial Services 5852  
  5 No. of Cottage Industries and Dhobighats Services 380  
  6 No. of Agricultural Services 132411  
  7 No. of P W S & Street Light Services 7286  
  8 No. of General Purpose  Services 5060  
  9 No. of Temporary Services 51  
  10 No. of LT Services 955858  
  11 No. of HT Services 663  
  12 No. of 220 KV Substations 4  
  13 No. of 132 KV Substations 17  
  14 No. of 33/11 KV Substations 239  
  15 No. of Distribution Transformers 57660  
  16 No. of 11 KV Feeders 839  
  17 No. of 33 KV Feeders 90  
  18 No. of Divisions 6  
  19 No. of Sub-Divisions 19  
  20 No. of Sections 71  
  21 No. of ERO s / SUB-ERO s 16  

Important Places

Tripurantakam : It is 40kms northeast of Markapuram. Tripurantakeswara Temple is one of the famous Saiva Pilgrimages. It is one the Kumaradri, Bala Tripura Sundari Temple is in the middle of a tank.

Manikeswaram : 32kms northwest of Ongole, Mandukeswara Swamy temple built by Chola Raja. From this it was called Mandukeswara Nilayam which got corrupted into Manikeswaram. The temple is on a hill.

Motupalli : It is 13kms southeast of Chirala. Its old name is Mohanapuram. It was famous during the reigns of Satavahanas, Pallavas, Chalukyas and Cholas. Velapuri built by Buddhists is neat it. Many Buddhist stupas are there.

Markapuram : It is on the tanks of Gundlakamma, Chenna Kesava Swamy temple is famous. The morning son rays fall on the feet of Chennakesava in Uttarayana and on the feet of Mahalaxmi in Dakshinayana.

Bhargava Konda : 64kms from Kanigiri and 42kms from Pamuru. Durga Bhairava Swamy temple here is ancient. It is in the middle of forests. Waterfall of 60 metres highlight is here.

Malakonda : 30kms from kandukur. Malyadri Narasimha Swamy temple is here. It is a beautiful place in a thick forest on a small hill. It is an important pilgrimage in the district.

Singarayakonda : It is at a distance of 45kms from Ongole. There is Prasanna Anjaneya Swamy Temple. Every year a festival is conducted by devotees on phalguna purnima.

Climate : Temperature is normal here. It is very hot in summer. Rainfall decreases from south to north. Southwest monsoon gives rains.

Agriculture and Industries : There are red soil lands up to 70% and 20% block cotton soil. The remaining is alluvial. 36.48% of the total area of the district is under cultivation. Southern part lands are not conducive for farming and they are used for other purposes. Slab stone is available from Obanayapalli to Mallapeta in 80% of the slab stone is available here. There is a coastline of 105kms. Fishing Industry is active. The population of fishermen is 51,760. In60 villages this community is found.