Surabhi : There are roughly 20 hamlets
in this village. Formerly Surabhi was in use for Agraharam. In this
village was started Sri Sarada Vinodini Nataka Sabha or Surabhi Company
in 1889 by Vanarasa Govinda Rao. It is renowned in the entire state and
in other states also.
Tallapaka : It is at a distance of 3kms
north of Rajampet. It is the birthplace of the famous composer Tallapaka
Annamacharya. He lived in n16th century A.D.
Ontimitta : Kodanda Rama Swami temple
is here. French traveler Tavernier described is as one of the most
beautiful temples in India. The Sanctum Sanctorum and annex structures
were built in a vast area. The temple is very high. The canopy is built
with 32 pillars. It is called Madhya Ranga Mandapam. Tavernier visited
this place in 1652 A.D. he was astonished at the freedom the people here
enjoyed. The archeological department is renovating it.
Rivers : Penneru is the river supplying
water to cuddapah. Chitravati, Kunderu or Kumudwathi, Papagni, Sagileru
and Cheyyeru are the tributaries. Bahuda, Pincha, Mandali, Pullangi and
gunjana are tributaries to Cheyyeru. Tummalavanka straight flows into
penneru. Penneru originates in chennakesava gutta in chennakesava hills.
This is in the south west of Nandi durga of kolar in Karnataka. It is
called Uttara Pinakini, because Dakshina Pinakini, that is Ponnayar,
also is born here, but flows through Tamilnadu, Penneru River starts in
Chenna Kesava hill and comes down southwest flows through Goribidnur
town and enters Andhra.
Climate: From December to February it
is dry and cool. From March to May it will be summer. From June to
September southwest monsoon. From then rains recede. Rains increase
form northeast to southeast. Average rainfall in a year is 697mm.
Southwest monsoon rains account for 374mm, Northeast rains for 242mm.
Agriculture and Industries : Black
corson soil lands are 24% black soil 19% sandy soil lands 4% red soil
lands 25%. The first variety lands are very fertile. Sand soil lands
are not so fertile. Korra, orange, lime and betel leaf are the
special crops. They are cultivated near river beds. This district is
the repository of mineral wealth. As per the 1983 survey of geological
survey of India 30lakh tons of lead, 740lakh tons of barrettes,
27000tons asbestos deposits are there. It is estimated that 700lakh
tons of barites deposits might be there in Mangampet. There are clay
deposits in Rajampet. This is used to make stone implements. Limestone
is available in Erragunta, M/s. Coramandal Fertilizers established a
cement factory with an annual yield of 10lakh tons. Bharat cement
corporation increases its capacity to 10lakh tons. National mineral
development corporation is extracting asbestos in Brahman palli and
barieties in Mangampet.
area is 5.05lakh hectors. It is 32.87% of the district area. It is
learnt that elephants required for Golconda army were supplied from
here. In the northeast part of the district rainfall is high. Red
sandalwood is available in plenty. This is the only area in India where
red sandalwood is available. A National park is set up in Seshachalam
hills for prospecting wild animals. 181 are employed in the only one
paper industry in the district and its capital investment is
Rs.227lakhs. There are mineral related industries and electrical
instruments industries. Texmaco Ltd, India Cement Ltd, Corus India Ltd
are the other industries.