Penna, Kandaleru, Swarnamukhi, Pilaperu and Upputeru are the main
rivers. Penna is the most important. It enters Nellore district through
Veligonda at Somasila. It flows 112kms east of Atmakur and Nellore
Taluks and joins of the Bay of Bengal. This causes floods in the
district. Kandalur originates in Veligondas and flows through Gudur and
joins the sea at Krishnapatnam. Pilaperu and Upputeru are the
tributaries of Munneru. They flow more through Prakasam districts.
Usually hot from March till May summer and till September rainy. Rains
recede from October, November.
Agriculture and Industries
: The land here can be divided into
three categories. 1) Red soil 2) Sandy Lands 3) Alluvial. In the
alluvial soil any kind of crops can be grown. In the red soil Jowar, Red
gram, Groundnut and Castor Oil seed are grown. These are Mica mines in
Gudur district. They extend to Rapur, Podalakur also. They extend to 40
sqkms from Gudur. This is coastline for (80kms, 4763kms coastline
facilitates fish industry. Nellore goats are famous for the meat they
yield. Divi and Kavali are centers of breeding.
Nellore Anicut, Sangam Anicut, Nellore Monk Supply Channel, Mopadu
Project, Rallapadu Project, Somsila Project are the important projects.
Malidevi Drain :
This saved 30 thousand acres from sewage and that way helped the
farmers, paideru drain. It is a small size river. Paddy is cultivated.
Alluru Swamp Drain : Farmers faced many
difficulties, because the lands were submersed in the past that was
alerted by this. It is a boon to farmers.
Nakkala Kalva Drain :
It projects 12 villag3es in Sarvepalli mandal submersing. This drain
starts from Sarvepalli Reservoir and joins Kandaleru.
Sangam Anicut : It was built on the
Penna in 1886. It is near Sangam village. It was fitted with 61kms
falling shutters in 1937.
Kanupur Village :
It is intended to with stand flood waters at Sangam Anicut head
High in Nellore district. This district is in the 8th place in state.